Historical Motion Graphics Research





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The Dot and the Line: A Romance in Lower Mathematics

This is an example of an  early  animation/motion graphic created in 1963.During the early 60s technology was very limited so it meant that more practical techniques of animation such as stop motion were the easiest and cost-effective to make.The animation features geometric shapes interacting with various backgrounds and other moving imagery. The colour scheme varies throughout the animation in order to change the atmosphere and to help tell the story of the animation. The animation uses stop-motion and Cel animation to create the animation, where there various shapes are drawn frame by frame and then are played at normal speed which gives the characters the impression of moving.


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MTV Indents

These indents are used for MTV in between its programs. The characters  move and grow along in time with the music often how music equalisers would, which links to the branding channel itself to do with music. The characters themselves are made using 3D software which give a sense of realism to them, and therefore make them more eye-catching to the viewers to gain a larger audience for the music channel.



A Flat Animation

Flat animation uses 2D and 3D elements such as the main character, and then a prop in 3D which interacts with the character. The 3D elements were made separately using 3D software  to the 2D animation which were made using Adobe Illustrator as they are 2D based. Each element is then brought into the animation software e.g. After Effects and are then animated together e.g. the 2D Zelda shapes and the 3D sword.

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Music Video Graphics

This music video incorporates typography motion graphics as part of the lyrics overlayed  with real-time video. The text features many different fonts overlaid on each other to give the effect that the text is constantly changing, along with the music.

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Wallace and Gromit : stop motion

Wallace and Gromit are a clay animation series made by using the stop motion process. The process involves using clay models of the characters and moving each asset a bit frame by frame and then taking a picture of the scene , so when the pictures are played at full speed it gives the impression of the characters moving. Stop motion is a very time- consuming process as it takes a very long time to create a minute of screen time as the animators have to change the mouth pieces, body movements, and eye movements.

Cel Animation

Cel animation was the traditional way of animating movies before the use of computer technology. This technique involved using transparent sheets in which the objects or characters were painted upon, which were separate form the background. This meant it was very time-consuming as the artists had to paint each sheet frame by frame so when they were played back at normal speed it gave the impression of moving characters objects. This method of animation was used by the early Disney movies such as Snow White and Ariel.

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3D animation

The method of 3D animation is more commonly used nowadays. This method uses CGI (Computer Generated Images) to create 3D objects using  a 3D polygonal mesh which can be used with key frames to make moving characters/ objects. This way is easier to create as props, sets, and  costumes can all be made digitally instead of being hand-painted like Cel animation. Frozen is an example of photo-realistic animation where the sets and characters are made to resemble real life e.g. skin, clouds and plants.

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